tv CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley CBS June 27, 2012 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
>> pelley: tonight it's being called a firestorm of epic proportions. a wildfire in colorado destroys dozens of homes. the air force academy is evacuated. >> i love the area we live in and to think that all of that beauty is gone is so heart wrenching. >> pelley: barry petersen is on the scene. the f.d.a. reverses itself today and approves the first diet drug in more than a decade. seth doane has the story. mark phillips in belfast on a historic hand shake between the queen and a once-bitter enemy. and martha teichner on the unforgettable words of screenwriter nora ephron. >> i came here tonight because when you realize you want to spend the rest of your life with somebody you want the rest of your life to start as soon as possible. captioning sponsored by cbs
this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: good evening, it looks like hell in the garden of the gods. that part of colorado got its name from the beauty of the land but 24 square miles are gone already and evacuations are under way. the waldo canyon fire doubled in size in a day fueled by dry timber, strong winds and high temperatures. half of the nation's resources for fighting wildfires are now in colorado. some of the best images we saw today were from the "denver post." a whole subdivision overrun by flames. and 11-year-old evacuee taylor salamon. her family was among the 32,000 people ordered to leave. firefighters are dropping to the ground wherever they can to grab a moment after endless battling in record heat. from colorado springs now, here's barry petersen. >> reporter: one fire official
called it a monster event. ( sirens ) there are more than 900 firefighters doing everything they could to protect this neighborhood near an area called garden of the gods that 30 miles an hour winds turned into an inferno. in minutes, homes exploded into towers of flames. it's unclear how many homes have been lost because it's too dangerous for firefighters to get in but from the air it was clear many burned to the ground. >> here's your stuff. >> reporter: mary smith and her family had just 15 minutes to grab what they could. photo albums and a family bible. these pictures were taken by her son james off their back deck as the fire came straight at them. >> i bet it moved a mile in three to four minutes. three to five minutes at the most. we saw flames at least 100 feet high. >> reporter: then the smoke became so intense it was hard to breathe. >> and when that happened i thought we could die here. >> reporter: this could kill
you. >> yeah. >> reporter: up until last night not a single home in this area had been lost but the wind had pushed the wall of flames over the ridge. the fire is now this nation's top wildfire priority. mary smith prepared for an evacuation, but not for the possibility that they could lose their home. >> i love my home. i love the area we live in and to think that all of that beauty is gone is so heart wrenching. >> reporter: we're on the ground of the air force academy still evacuated. you can't see it because there's so much smoke. that smoke is a problem. you can hear in my voice i'm hoarse, i have a sore throat. this is what literally tens of thousands of people are now going through here in colorado springs. >> pelley: barry, thank you. we'll be following the fire. covering this fire we were struck by the pictures of one man evacuating his home in colorado springs last evening. the police were urging scott deeds to leave immediately but
he stopped to save the flag in front of his house. >> i've been through katrina. different situation and you just take and do the best you can and you pray for the best and hope that the firefighters are good and hope that everybody else is safe. the flag is my son's and... excuse me. i lost him in iraq so i want to make sure i take that down along with the marine and all the other flags that go along with that. >> pelley: his son was 24-year- old marine roger deeds. lance corporal deeds was lost to enemy gunfire in iraq in 2005. late today the white house said that the president will fly to colorado on friday to see the fire response for himself. the food and drug administration today approved the first new diet drug in more than a decade. this country is fighting a so far losing battle against obesity.
more than one out of three adults-- 78 million-- are obese. we asked seth done to tell us how this new drug works. >> reporter: 15 years ago, lisa sutter started putting on weight. then, in 2007, she took part in a trial of the new diet drug lorcaserin. >> honestly, like a switch was flipped in my brain. the first day i took it i was able to stick the to the number of calories i was supposed to eat everyday. i didn't feel an urge to overeat. >> reporter: the drug, which will be marketed as belviq, works by fooling the brain so patients feel fuller sooner. sutter lost 40 pounds-- 20% of her body weight. most of the 8,000 patients in the trial did not have the same results as sutter. on average, those who took belviq along with diet and exercise lost 5.8% of their body weight. the drug was rejected in 2010 over concerns about tumors in animal studies and worry about damage to heart valves. today, the f.d.a. recommended patients who have congestive heart failure use belviq with caution.
dr. jeanmarie perrone who reviewed data on the drug for the f.d.a.'s advisory committee still has her doubts about it. >> the benefit of the drug doesn't really outweigh the risks of the drug in terms of the benefit being so modest in most of the patients who were exposed to it. >> reporter: but for sutter the drug was life changing. >> whatever went wrong 15 years ago in my body that started me on the path of gaining weight is fixed with this medicine. >> reporter: after the trial, lisa sutter regained all the weight she had lost and now worries about developing diabetes. scott, the latest tool in the difficult battle against obesity may be on the market by early next year. >> pelley: seth, thank you. tomorrow morning just after 10:00 eastern time the supreme court will rule on whether the president's health care law is constitutional. the key issue is whether the government can require every american to obtain health
insurance. our chief legal correspondent jan crawford is at her post on the steps of the court. january, remind us of the arguments that are leading up to tomorrow's historic decision. >> reporter: scott, this is considered the most significant clash between the court and the white house over an issue of federal power in 70 years and no matter what the court decides it will affect the lives of all americans. during oral arguments three months ago the justices were divided but at least five indicated they had serious concerns about the main provision in the massive health care act, the so-called individual mandate which requires all americans to have insurance or pay a penalty. most americans oppose the provision. a recent cbs news/"new york times" poll showed 68% want the court to either strike down the mandate or overturn into t entire law. the mandate is believed to be the first time congress has ever ordered people to buy a product. in this case insurance from a private company. opponents, including 26 states, sued to overturn it saying the
constitution doesn't give the federal government that kind of expansive power over people's lives. but the obama administration contends congress can require insurance as part of its broad power to regulate commerce. it says the mandate is critical to help pay for the law's more popular provisions, including prohibiting insurance companies from denying coverage for preexisting conditions or raising premiums based on a person's medical history. but if the court strikes down the mandate it could cause those and other provisions of the law to come tumbling down with it. now, no one outside the court knows how the justices will rule, not the president, not congress, and with so much at stake, scott, already people are lining up over here just to get a seat inside the courtroom tomorrow morning to see these justices announce this historic ruling. >> reporter: jan, thank you. we will bring you live coverage of the supreme court's decision as it comes in shortly after 10:00 a.m. eastern time tomorrow. something happened today in
northern ireland that was once inconceivable-- a hand shake between the british queen and the former leader of the irish republican army, a sign of how much has changed since the days when catholics and protestants were fighting in the streets. mark phillips is in belfast. >> reporter: queen elizabeth. to the i.r.a. she used to be the enemy whose army brutally subjugated their people. martin mcguinness, to the british he used to be i.r.a. commander, a leader in a campaign of terror that murdered hundreds of innocents. but that was then. this is now. the queen and martin mcginniss shaking hands today. no sound recording was allowed to capture what they said. the same martin mcguinness who not only justified terror but vowed to fight until the british were forced out of ireland. >> we will not stop fighting. >> reporter: mcguinness has renounced violence and become a
politician. he's northern ireland's deputy first minister and so one of its official greeters. >> reporter: people who came out to witness the event-- people like graham toosbury, found it astonishing. >> if you asked martin mcguinness in 1972 if he would shake the queen's hand he would say pigs would fly first. now here we are. >> reporter: looking up? >> exactly. >> reporter: no pigs, just police helicopters. this was not a hand shake of friendship or respect or reconciliation, it was a grudging hand shake, an admission by both sides that neither has really won but that both simply got tired of fighting. there were other telling gestures. prince phillip avoiding mcguinness later in the day as if he were toxic. there's still plenty of bitterness and there was some overnight rioting-- small scale by local standards. but this visit will be remembered not for the warm
welcome offered by british loyalists but for one brief moment. mark phillips, cbs news, belfast. >> pelley: will the cost of student loans be going up? bernie madoff's brother is ready to plead guilty to securities fraud. and recognition at last for african americans who answered the call to duty when the "cbs evening news" continues. [ male announcer ] feeling like a shadow of your former self? c'mon, michael! get in the game! [ male announcer ] don't have the hops for hoops with your buddies? lost your appetite for romance? and your mood is on its way down.
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thanks ed. ask your doctor if prolia® is right for you. >> pelley: we saw in court papers released today that bernie madoff's brother peter will plead guilty to securities fraud. peter madoff helped run the firm that cheated investors out of billions. now 69 years old, he will serve ten years in prison. bernie madoff is serving 150. republicans and democrats in congress today struck a deal to keep the interest rate on government subsidized student loans at 3.4%. millions rely on those loans to pay for college, but michelle miller tells us that a growing number of high school graduates have decided that it makes more sense to skip college all together. >> reporter: in central
pennsylvania the high school class of 2012 is thinking about the future. rebecca bradley planned to go to college to become a teacher. >> just in pennsylvania for state schools a lot of them were $23,000. i'm doing the math myself and i'm, like, i don't know how i'd pay this on a teacher's salary, i have no idea how any of this would work. >> reporter: so bradley abandoned her dream of a college degree and enrolled in beauty school. >> there are always going to be ladies who want to get their highlights and colors and perms and... >> reporter: so it's recession- proof? >> it's not like my job can be shipped to india. >> reporter: the number of high school graduates choosing technical schools over state colleges grew by two million between 2006 and 2010. the high cost of college tuition was a driving force. since 2006, tuition jumped from an average of $16,000 to nearly $20,000 a year. sage hillsinger was also planning to go to college. now she's working three part- time jobs to pay for vocational school. she wants to be a medical
imaging technician. starting salary $40,000. >> i figured, like, of all the things that we need, like medical field is never going to go away because there's always going to be people that need help. >> reporter: according to a rutgers university study, almost half of college grads since 2006 have not found a full-time job. 48% carry student debt of at least $10,000. rebecca bradley says she'll owe $20,000 for her one year of beauty school-- a fourth of the cost of a state university education. a lesson of the great recession for many graduates is job security may be worth more than spending four years in college. michelle miller, cbs news, mechanicsburg, pennsylvania. >> pelley: she said she tried to write parts for women that are as complicated and interesting as women are. remembering nora ephron. next.
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>> pelley: nora ephron was one of the best and most famous american writers of our time. she died last night of leukemia at the age of 71 and we got to talking in the newsroom today about all those great movies that she wrote. martha teichner remembers. >> i love that it takes you an hour and a half to order a sandwich! i love that you get a little crinkle above your nose when you're looking at me like i'm nuts.
>> reporter: she was famous for her sharp funny one-liners in romantic comedies. >> you know it's easier to be killed by a terrorist than get married over the age of 40. >> that's not true. that statistic is not true. >> that's right. it's not true. but it feels true. >> reporter: among them "sleepless in seattle." "when harry met sally." >> oh! oh! >> i'll have what she's having. >> reporter: "you've got mail." >> you've got mail! >> reporter: three times her screenplays were nominated for oscars. she never won, but for women in particular her films were a form of wishful thinking. how they would have liked their lives to turn out. or at least what they would have said if only they'd thought of it. >> you know what that hankie reminds me of? first day i met you. >> first day you lied to me. >> reporter: nora ephron was born in new york city but grew up in beverly hills. her parents henry and phoebe ephron, also screen writers, taught ephron and her three sisters-- all future writers.
>> if something bad happened to you what they said was "someday you will think this is funny. someday this will be a great story." >> reporter: ephron graduated from wellesley college in 1962 and went to work as a mail girl at "newsweek." within a few years her books of essays were best-sellers. >> i think writing is what i do. i think it's like breathing for me at a certain point. >> reporter: ephron turned the collapse of her marriage to reporter carl bernstein of watergate fame into a novel then the movie "heartburn." >> look at all these flowers that you bought for her! and you occasionally brought me home a bunch of wilted zinnias. >> reporter: she once said "marriages come and go but divorce is forever." but nora ephron was happily married for 25 years to screenwriter nicholas pileggi. throughout her career her life
and family were subject matter and so was her love of food. she wrote and directed the film "julie and julia" and legendary t.v. chef julia child. >> i'm julia child, bon appetit! >> reporter: ephron kept her illness a secret but left a clue in her last book-- a list of what she'd miss when she was dead. including her kids, a walk in the park, and pie. martha teichner, cbs news, new york. >> pelley: baseball fans are still talking about a bad call in new york last night. yankee left field dewayne wise chased a cleveland indians foul ball into the stands, great catch for an out but, wait, the replay shows he never had it. watch the fan in the red shirt. he got the ball. wise got away with it. the umpire admitted the "out" call was wrong. american heroes finely get their due when we come back.
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their sacrifices during world war two were long overlooked but hundreds of surviving members attended the ceremony today. byron pitts spend some time with one of these pioneers. >> that is me, pick >> walking proud and tall. >> for this 9 year-old, these are more than just snapshots. >> their treasured memories of when the first african americans to serve in the marine corps. born in north carolina, carter was 19 when he enlisted. >> i always hated segregation and jim co, from birth. because it was morally wrong. and i just hated it. >> why then, would you, a black man, join the u.s. marines? >> because this would give me a chance to become an american. a full-fledged citizens. >> in 1941 president franklin roosevelt ordered the marines to except african americans.
for the next eight years they served in black only units commanded by white officers and a train on a segregated based in jacksonville n.c.. >> i realize from the beginning what was happening was historic. and it was going to be a part of history. part of the changing of america. >> but black marines were prohibited from serving in combat. >> they wanted us to become stewarts. and >> cooks and mess hall guys? >> and to wait on the officers into the dirty work. >> but you did not join the marine corps to wait tables? >> no. whenever i did wanted to do it with dignity. >> he rose to the rank of first sgt. a highest rank that a black marine could obtain. but he never made it to the front lines.
eventually they did as the war intensified in the pacific. the so-called supportroops landed at you would jima and okinawa along white combat units. in the face of enemy fire the temperature is stocked with ammunition and rescue a wounded and are credited with helping win the battles but their bravery was never officially recorded. fewer than 300 of the mumford point marine remain. rudy carter is believed to be the last living member of his unit. >> what did the marine corps teach you? >> it taught me to be a man. because we would never give up. marines are faithful to the end. >> always faithful and finally recognized. >> and that is the cbs evening news for tonight. for all of us at cbs news, all around the world, good night. >> good evening, i am dana king
>> i am alan martin to read the oakland mayor doing an abrupt about-face on her 100 blocks anti-crime plan. today she admitted that the city built the highly anticipated strategy around statistics that were plain wrong. >> i do not to all of my own research. i will take full responsibility for the error of using that particular statistic. >> now the city is taking a new spin and for the first time they're releasing specifics on their most problems plagued neighborhoods. linda yee is here with the sudden shift from 100 blocks to 10 hot spots. >> that is correct. the spin now is shifting on the neighborhood hot spots, and not just a 100 block plan although that has not been totally dismissed. the mayor admits that her statistics were